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Where Christians Get Environmentalism Wrong

There’s far more to Christ’s redemptive plan than going green.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced this week that 2012 was the hottest year in America’s record, as well as the second-worst in national history for extreme weather disasters—such as this summer’s debilitating drought and Hurricane Sandy.

It’s alarming news, to be sure, stirring up the burgeoning international conversation on global warming. But for Christians, environmental news such as this is easy to brush off, at best, as secondary to more spiritually important tasks like evangelism and, at worst, as liberal propaganda.

Yet as part of God’s creation, perhaps it’s time to re-evaluate our understanding of the environment and its relationship to the Gospel.

Christians tend to see the universe in three separate categories: God, humanity and the rest of creation. But when the Bible describes the universe, it uses a different taxonomy. The categories of life are simpler: God and not-God. There is Creator, and there is creation. Humanity is simply one layer of creation.

Of course, we are unique as image-bearers of the Creator—the crown of His creation. But we are not separate from creation. We breathe the same air as ospreys, apes and river otters. As Solomon said, both humans and animals have the same breath: “All are from the dust, and to dust all return” (Ecclesiastes 3:19-20). We have more in common with the animal kingdom than we might like to admit.

Psalm 8 articulates this point perfectly. Compared with the exquisite grandeur of the cosmos, the writer exclaims, “What is mankind that you are mindful of them, human beings that you care for them?” When we behold creation on its grand scale, and ourselves in its midst, we can’t help but be humbled. This makes it all the more wonderful that God should care about us in a particular way, since we are all made of the same stuff.

Could it be that the green movement cares for a cause very near to the heart of the Creator?

Could it be, then, that environmentalism is more than just a buzzword crafted by a political party? Could it be that the green movement cares for a cause very near to the heart of the Creator? Certainly, God created men and women to uniquely reflect His image, but does that mean we can afford to neglect the rest of His creation?

Some Christians want to dismiss the environment as a lesser issue compared with the weightiness of the Gospel. But if the Gospel is the story of how the life, death and resurrection of Christ redeems and renews believers and all creation with them, then the proper care of the earth becomes a Gospel implication.

It is Jesus who, through His work of redemption, will make all things new (Revelation 21:5). The work of Christ is not relegated to the forgiveness of sins. By His work on the cross, Jesus is reconciling all things to God, even things on the earth (Colossians 1:20). In fact, the renewing of creation is tied to the renewing of believers (Romans 8:19-23).

Of course, Jesus was not a patron saint for climate change. We can’t remake Him into a politician’s image. He is not a pioneer for ecological cultivation. But if by the word “green” we mean compassionate care for the environment, then Jesus is greener than any activist could ever hope to be. And if that’s so, we should follow His lead.

The Bible says that all things were made through Jesus and that without Him, there is nothing made that was made (John 1:3). By means of Jesus, all things were created, and in Him all things hold together (Colossians 1:16-17). Furthermore, Jesus “upholds the universe by the word of his power” (Hebrews 1:3).

If the Gospel is the story of how the life, death and resurrection of Christ redeems and renews believers and all creation with them, then the proper care of the earth becomes a Gospel implication.

This theology has many implications. All icebergs were made through Jesus (John 1:3). All whales were created through Christ and He holds their species together (Colossians 1:16). He upholds the ozone layer by the word of His power (Hebrews 1:3). The earth is the spinning, blue Word of God, and He sustains it constantly.

So, pollution is more than poor stewardship of the earth. Oil spills do more than just kill wildlife. Littering cannot be reduced to petty vandalism.

Because Jesus sustains creation, pollution is at odds with His purposes. Because Jesus holds this world together, oil spills are an insult to His design. Because Jesus grows this wild green earth, deforestation is an assault on His creative goodness.

When we tear down the created order by the power of our words, by the threat of our politics and by the indifference of our actions, we set ourselves at odds with the aims of Jesus Christ, the sustainer of the universe. And that is never a wise nor safe place to be.

It’s time we pick up our neglected charge of careful and compassionate cultivation. God gave Adam and Eve the glorious task of making something out of this beautiful world. That involves using its natural resources, harnessing power from the oceans, expanding its civilizations and shaping culture. In these ways, we imitate the creativity of the Creator, and it is good.

But when these endeavors perpetuate the needless destruction of God’s trees (Psalm 104:16), the harmful pollution of God’s earth (Psalm 24:1) and the gratuitous slaughter of God’s animals (Psalm 50:10-11), we have crossed the line of stewardship and set ourselves at odds with His purposes.

If Jesus creates, cares for and sustains the environment, then environmentalism becomes more than a conscientious effort to recycle our aluminum cans. Arbor Day becomes more than just an excuse to plant a tree in the backyard. Christ’s active pursuit of this world’s flourishing means that we are called to join Him. Let’s be His hands in the world today, tilling the earth, cultivating its growth and aligning our hearts with His in the mission to redeem all of creation.

Top Comments

Lynn Wistrom


Lynn Wistrom commented…

Jason, I just posted this on my Facebook page to share. Since my teens, I've struggled with articulating why I value creation to friends and other Christians. I asked those who have made fun of the tree huggers and granolas to take a look at it. Thanks for finding the words that I haven't been able to. Write on!


Jason Todd


Jason Todd commented…

By all means, Pat. Hope it helps.

Restoring Eden


Restoring Eden commented…

Thank you for furthering the conversation about our role as caretakers of creation. Very inspiring Jason!

If anyone would like to connect with other Christians who are passionate about creation and stewardship, visit us at

We're a network of Christians who seek to make hearts bigger, hands dirtier, and voices stronger by rediscovering the biblical call to love, serve, and protect God's creation.

Jason Todd


Jason Todd replied to Restoring Eden's comment

This looks wonderful! I'm so glad there are groups like Restoring Eden who are spreading the word.

Stewart LaPan


Stewart LaPan commented…

I loved the article, man. I'm a graduate student studying wetland restoration, and I gotta say, I've been immensely frustrated with the aversion of the Church to environmentalism. The overall atmosphere in the sciences is very antagonistic toward religion, so Christians who pursue environmental studies of any sort tend to get caught between a rock and a hard place. It's great to read articles like this and be reminded that there are fellow Believers who are getting it!

Jason Todd


Jason Todd replied to Stewart LaPan's comment

Wetland restoration sounds amazing. I think you're doing incredibly important work! I think you're right. I'm constantly befuddled as to why it's the folks who don't love Jesus that care for his creation more than the folks who do love Jesus. I'm likewise encouraged that there are believers who are getting their hands dirty in the environmental sciences. Good luck in your studies!



Neil commented…

A great article on the theology. But there's another more personal reason to care we are part of all this if it goes wrong we are affected. We do not when Christ will return, until then as we have seen last year when the weather goes crazy we suffer (poorest first but ultimately all of us). I am the co-author of a book some might find helpful (No oil in the lamp: fuel, faith and the energy crisis). Check out our blog at

Jason Todd


Jason Todd replied to Neil's comment

Thanks for sharing, Neil! And, of course, the implication of a gospel-centered environmentalism is a love for others (i.e. if I love my neighbor, I'll want them to have clean water to drink). Press on, my friend.

Ashley Hall


Ashley Hall commented…

Thank you for this article! Christian environmentalism is vitally important, and needs to make themselves known. I major in social work, but as other commenters have said, bad environments affect the poor first, hence why corporations don't care about killing the planet.

Jason Todd


Jason Todd replied to Ashley Hall's comment

I'm so glad that Christ's Church has her fingers in healing the hurting and healing the wounded world. And I think you raise a great point. We can't forget the human environments (inner cities, suburbs, rural farmlands) where humanity is also suffering. Incredible reminder, thanks for sharing!

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