How to Transform a City

Here's a new way to look at the old idea of living 'in the world, but not of it.'

From lesbian graphic designers to Somalian taxi-drivers, Minneapolis is a city crowded with culture. Folk musicians play gigs in her bars, tattooed vegetarians run her grocery co-ops and yogis are opening shops on nearly every street corner. Minneapolis is home for many people, and it’s where my wife and I hope to raise a family and do ministry.

With such a goal in mind, we are often asked, in so many words: How will your church engage a 21st-century urban culture? What does the City of God have to do with the city of Minneapolis?

It’s a good question. What are we to make of Christ and culture?

The biblical mandate for the baptized faithful is that they be a people set apart. Christians are resident aliens. Jesus Christ, not contemporary culture, is our Messiah, and His Kingdom is “not of this world.”

Yet as a waiting people not of this world, we remain a people very much in this world. We still live in the same cities and walk the same streets as those who do not profess Jesus as Lord. This is our vocation. Precisely because we are the beginning of the Holy City (Hebrews 11:10), Christians are summoned to settle down, love their neighbors and engage the culture.

Precisely because we are the beginning of the Holy City, Christians are summoned to settle down, love their neighbors and engage the culture.

Perhaps the most compelling images of Christ and culture in the city is found in Isaiah 60, where the prophet beholds the City of God. Though that city has not yet been established, Isaiah catches glimpses of what it will be like. It is a transformed city, a new Jerusalem and more. The Holy City is a magnetic city. As if by tractor beam, she draws people and things to her urban center. Exuberantly, Isaiah speaks to her: “Your gates shall be open continually; day and night they shall not be shut, that people may bring to you the wealth of the nations, with their kings led in procession” (v. 11).

But isn’t God going to judge, even destroy, the wicked nations and their works? Are not the same worldly riches Isaiah celebrates in chapter 60 destroyed in chapter 2, where Isaiah describes the judgment of the unbelieving nations for relying on their own technological and military strength rather than hoping in the Lord? The nations are idolatrous, and when Israel envies their entertainments, gadgets and wealth—not to mention imitates their secular lifestyles—they too are judged.

We might revel in Isaiah’s vision of secular treasure being brought into the new Jerusalem. But is it because we want to see these things bring glory to God? Or is it because we, too, adore the illusion of freedom that birth control, Wi-Fi and cheap energy offer us? In a time of unprecedented wealth, we must ask ourselves if we have joined secular culture in bowing down to a golden calf.

Yet—surprisingly, wonderfully—the very same technology and treasure that was once used to be banished from God’s presence becomes redeemed and restored. The world’s treasures become vessels for ministry and worship in the heavenly City. The same John who describes the destruction of the sin-laden city of Babylon also joins Isaiah in his prophetic announcement that “the glory and the honor of the nations” will be brought into the City of God (Revelation 18:15-17; 21:26). It was God’s intention from the beginning that human beings would “fill the earth,” even with their human cultures, and He is gathering them all to completion and unity in Christ (Ephesians 1:10).

The world’s treasures become vessels for ministry and worship in the heavenly City.

To proclaim the Gospel of Jesus Christ and to disciple people into an ever-deepening conversion, to build the City of God and to use what is worthy and worthwhile in secular culture to do so—this is urban ministry at its best. Christians of yore called it “plundering the Egyptians.” It’s when Christians recognize that although Greek rhetoric or the Roman arch are pagan ideas, there is truth in them.

Does this mean we should go gaga for the latest Apple product or follow every new philosophical trend? Should we watch reality TV shows so we can join the coffee shop small talk? I don't think so. But how will we persuade bike-riding vegetarian hipsters of the goodness of Jesus’ Gospel if we flaunt SUVs and refuse to recycle? Would we not be for them the very symbol of everything that’s wrong with the world? How will we demonstrate God’s vision for human relationships to the unmarried couple that just moved in together if we are divorced? Would we not be a living example of the very reason they are afraid to marry?

Whether it’s buying organic groceries or reclaiming the inherently good idea that love should be at the center of relationships, Christians can embrace what is beautiful and true in our city’s cultures. We can, by God’s grace, graft them into the vine of Christ.

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When Jesus Christ is our one presupposition, we are summoned to baptize the people and things of our neighborhoods. Where there is idolatry (even the idolatry of technological progressivism or the idolatry of the mall), we must refuse to bow. Where there is hurt and suffering, we must bring healing. And where we see something that can be made complete in Christ, we should reclaim it. We must balance hatred of those things that cause idolatrous neighbors to boast while simultaneously longing for the transformation and redemption of those very same things.

We can, by God’s grace, graft them into the vine of Christ.

This does not mean “anything goes.” This is an invitation to live a biblical life rooted in our new life in Jesus Christ in the cities God has placed us, even places as quirky and beautiful as Chicago or Detroit or my home in Minneapolis. As Christians, we get to practice the difficult task of being a people who try to make homes in a world that is not our home. We can—and must—be as hospitable as Christ in an increasingly inhospitable culture.

As God once encouraged the exiles living in a foreign land to build houses and to seek the welfare of the city, he also encourages Christians today: “Build houses and live in them; plant gardens and eat their produce. Take wives and have sons and daughters … Multiply there, and do not decrease. But seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the Lord on its behalf, for in its welfare you will find your welfare” (Jer. 29:4-7).




ForeBarcaJeepLB commented…

You make good points, sir. Andrew Sullivan asked recently why the sin of divorce had become widely accepted in evangelical circles, but other sins were condemned, say homosexuality. On the other hand, I submit that you make broad general statements that would benefit from using qualifying words. For example, organic food is good for small communities, but would be unethical if practiced on a global level. Modern farming methodology has ensured that a large country, like India, has not experienced starvation since the 1960s. In addition, not all SUV ownership is unethical. In communities that practice group sports, owning an SUV enables all the youngsters to be transported from point A to point B efficiently. For example, in Northern California, one SUV can hold 12 youngsters and transport them from one verdant soccer field to the next. One can expect neither a Prius or Volt to maximize efficiency in such a situation. Finally, I disagree vehemently with your claim that love is at the center of relationships. I argue that Christ is the center of relationships. Any other proclamation is heresy.

Helen Durany


Helen Durany commented…

Thank you Tyler. Amen!
We can hide in our churches thinking we know what is best for everyone else, even those half way around the world, or we can engage, be involved, and get to know our neighbors. Where is God's mission?



Ang commented…

I was ready to share this article until I got to this part... "How will we demonstrate God’s vision for human relationships to the unmarried couple that just moved in together if we are divorced?"

I don't condone divorce. In fact, I hate divorce as God does. And yet I am divorced. But as a divorced person, I don't believe I am disqualified from demonstrating God's vision for human relationships to unmarried couples. There are many ways to do this... one is by sharing yourself and your story of betrayal and pain and God's grace and forgiveness with your neighbors, demonstrating the healing and hope that God brings in the midst of brokenness (this is the Gospel at work and alive, after all).

My divorce has given me many opportunities to share God's vision for human relationships, as have my other healthy relationships. By your assertion, it seems single people would not be able to demonstrate this vision either.

I get what you're saying here. And I appreciate it. It is difficult to understand the balance at times between being aliens in this world and being salt. I just think perhaps this is one of those broad general statements that may need amendment so as not to imply disqualification of the broken from being salt and light. Some times our struggles and our brokenness are what allow us to be poured out on behalf of others and to demonstrate Christ's love in action in our lives.

Nathan Howell


Nathan Howell replied to Ang's comment

Ang, thanks for the comment. I was personally really glad to hear a little bit of your story and how God has used divorce in your life to highlight his own goodness and forgiveness.

I think that you have Tyler generally figured out. That is to say that he is using some broad strokes to talk about how to be different and thus authoritative with regard to a Jesus-following message in the world. But I don't think he meant to disqualify you. In fact, I think it is wonderful you brought up the issue. Whether divorce has happened to you by choice or by circumstance, we have to find a way to accept that reality and see what God would do with it. I would hope that I can see the possibility to communicate God's truth and love through divorce rather than just feeling so uneasy about it since it is not God's best.

God bless you as you learn how to use your struggles (with God's help) to turn it into another story of compassion.

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