Who Should Lead the Church?

Donald Miller wonders if the Church's leadership structure is the right one.

The church in America is led by scholars. Essentially, the Church is a robust school system created around a framework of lectures and discussions and study. We assume this is the way its supposed to be, because this is all we have ever known. I think the scholars have done a good job—but they’ve also recreated the Church in their own image. Churches are essentially schools. They look like schools with lecture halls, classrooms, cafeterias and each new church program is basically a teaching program.

The first disciples were not teachers, they were fishermen, tax collectors and at least one was a Zealot. We don’t know the occupation of the others, but Jesus did not charge educators with the great commission; He chose laborers. And those laborers took the Gospel and created Christian communities that worked, that did things and met in homes and were active. They made speeches, to be sure, but so do businessmen and politicians and leaders in any number of other professions. Educators make speeches and do little else, except study for their next lecture. I wonder what the first disciples would think if they could see our system of schools, our million lectures, our billion sub-lectures, our curricula and our lesson plans. I think they’d be impressed, to be honest, but I also think they’d recognize a downside.

Church divisions are almost exclusively academic divisions. The reason I don’t understand my Lutheran neighbor is because a couple academics got into a fight hundreds of years ago. And the rest of the church followed them because, well, they were our leaders. So now we are divided under divisions caused by arguments a laboring leadership might never have noticed of cared about. Practitioners care about what works, what gets things done. They have to agree because there are projects on the line. Educators don’t have to agree at all. They can fight and debate and write papers against each other because, well, the product they are churning out is just thought, not action.

So why are we led by teachers? After all, the Church and the school system are the only institutions in our culture led purely by academics. Well, the reason is the printing press. The government once controlled the Church, but that ended when the printing press was invented and people could read the Bible for themselves. And the scholars were the only people who could read, so they got the job of church leadership by default. So church leadership went from fishermen, to government workers, to scholars. I wonder who’s next? I’ve got money on music executives, if only because they’re all looking for work.

Because we’ve been led by scholars for so long, we have slightly distorted ideas about Christian discipleship. If you want to grow in Christ, you should study more. Christian growth, then, is an academic path. And like educators, we only advance to become higher level educators. The point of learning is always teaching which produces further learning and then more teaching. The only difference between the Church and another educational institution is that nobody ever graduates from the Church. We just keep going to school.

But if normal people like you lead the church, won’t the church be led by heretics? Yes ... and it already is.

In the great commission, Jesus graduated His first group of students. He pushed them into the world and said: "You don’t know everything, but you know enough. You’ll have a guide and that guide will be with you always. Go and teach the world to obey my commands." Because they were fishermen and tax gatherers, they went and did it. Did Jesus teach them for three years? Yes, He taught them by doing, in action, with people, by touching stuff, not by taking over a school and recruiting educators. I wonder what they would have done if they had been professional scholars? My guess is they would have talked the command into a tailspin, dissected it into a million pieces, then divided themselves into different intellectual camps and built a bunch of schools to teach their various interpretations.

Let me ask you this: Aren’t you a little tired of scholars and pseudo-scholars fighting about doctrine? Is it worth it that you are divided against other denominations because scholars picked up their ball and stomped off the playground? If you are tired, then be the Church. I’m not kidding—you don’t know everything, but you know enough. Be the Church and be united. Let the academics go to an island and fight about the things that matter to them, and we will be united based on the things that matter to us.

So maybe if you’re a doctor or a plumber or a carpenter, you should lead the church. Maybe the church needs some of you who don’t write and speak and teach for a living to step up and put some action to our faith. I wonder what your churches would look like? Maybe you could meet in homes, appoint some elders, pray for each other, read the Bible to each other and then just serve your communities and each other in love. Maybe you wouldn’t need a classroom at all. Go ahead, lead. You’re qualified. You’ll have a guide. You’ve graduated.

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* Whenever I write a post like this, I encounter dualism and people who think I’m saying if Jesus didn’t choose educators, then Bible college is wrong. We really have to stop thinking in either/or. There is no path, there is only a guide. There are a million right ways to be the Church.

Donald Miller is the author of Blue Like Jazz (Nelson) and A Million Miles in a Thousand Years (Nelson). This article originally appeared on his blog and is used by permission.

Top Comments


Jdoe006 commented…

Yes, it seems that Mr. Miller is stumping for a more "organic" church that is grown through the less-educated, as if that will solve so many problems....my experience with educated and non-educated people, within the Evangelical Free Church, Vineyard, and Latter Rain Pentecostal Church, within the US and in Malaysia, has shown me that both "types" of Pastors have shown amazing capability for sheltered, divisive and proud behavior...sometimes to the pitiful detriment of their denominations.

If the issue is not about doctrine, then it's about character flaws...if it's not about character flaws, then it's about doctrine...and so goes the Church for century after century....there is nothing new under the sun.

Brandon Lazarus


Brandon Lazarus commented…

The conference is this wed-fri so I haven't had the opportunity yet. I hope I can talk to him because I think I understand the point that he is trying to make I just don't agree with his method of doing so. Like I mentioned before, I don't think he should have made such sweeping statements. If he wants to say churched have become school then that is not the problem but rather that they have become bad schools. If they are just going to get information and not being taught "in the field" then the education is for nothing. Learning good theology is of the utmost importance for Christians. The tipping point is whether people are simply studying theology or doing theology. I can teach you how to ride a bike all day but until you actually get on the bike the teaching and learning will be for nothing.

As for you comments about Jesus being the radical, upside down messiah I totally agree. Jesus calls us to a life that is radically different from what our instincts tell us. That's why it's important that we have teachers to help discern what that message is. We are all called to play different parts. It seems like Donald is saying that all of the teachers are simply trying to prepare others to be teachers as well. I think this is another error in his post. Yes, some of the people they are teaching will be scholars but the majority of the people will not. They will take on other roles. The teachers should not feel like they are any better or closer to God simply because they are smarter. If they do, the blame falls on them.lenguadelaz.blogspot.com



Adrian J German commented…

If the Body of Christ spent as much time and effort in saving souls as has been expended on this blog, at least half the Earth would be Christians by now


K. Reux commented…

Jus_chillin_p86: your statement seems pretty harsh and over-judgmental given Parke wasn't writing a detailed explanation on the topic. How do you know if Parke's dreams have nothing to do with the Gospel or what Christ has done? I don't believe Parke actually went into detail about what his dreams were! We do know more than enough to start. Perhaps you're offended by the terminology "the Spirit within them", I don't know. But I think your statement is an overreaction.


Jblee commented…

I kinda agree withMiller here, but at the same timesee many underdeveloped notions. He first compares the Church withthe American school system. Iam apublic school teacher and I would agree with him thatWE ALL have Americanizedthe Church thatGod calles us to be united with.Jesus told us to "GO" not to stay still andsellcoffee as if that is showing love. (dont mean to be offensive). However,just becauseMiller made an observationabout how weAmericanize the Church does not mean he has lead way to bash scholars.


Stuart commented…

Yes, action is extremely important, and historically, the church has certainly lacked in this area. But if I am seeking the Truth, I want to be led by someone who is smarter, wiser, and more experienced than myself. When I study Scripture, I want to study under someone who knows the biblical languages, or at least understands the context (we all know that misinterpretation leads to far too many problems, many of which could have been avoided if people were better educated). Also, while it is terribly sad that the body of Christ is so divided, the major issues that have divided the church in the past matter a lot. Mr. Miller says, "let the academics go to an island and fight about the things that matter
to them, and we will be united based on the things that matter to us." Well, if things like soteriology (which has proved to be a divisive issue) don't "matter to us," then we are the ones at fault, not the "academics." I seriously hope that people don't take the ideas that Mr. Miller has presented here too seriously, or the church will be in big trouble.

Ingrid Patacsil


Ingrid Patacsil commented…

I am a high school Bible class teacher. I admit I wasn't very comfortable while reading the beginning of the article. And after reading the whole thing, I still felt like my credibility as a minister of Christ is kind of attacked.

But anyway...
I agree that there has been too much emphasis on the scholarly side of being Christian and I believe Miller's objective is to put the scholarly side of the spiritual journey in its proper place --not too high on a pedestal, and in equal regard as other ways of growing deeper in relationship and faith in Christ.

I really want to brush off the feeling that he has some serious beef with teachers leading the church and consider his point here as an encouragement to advocate a kind of church leadership that celebrates, accepts, and uplifts all backgrounds and and Spirit-given gifts.

(I hope I was able to articulate my point well since English is not my first language.)

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